Some vehicles in New York City are equipped with safety technology systems that can prevent rear-end crashes. According to a study by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, automatic braking and forward collision warning systems have a significant impact on vehicle safety. Researchers found that automatic braking reduced rear-end accidents by around 40 percent while forward collision warning systems reduced rear-end accidents by 23 percent.
To conduct the study, researchers analyzed car accident data gathered from 22 states between 2010 and 2014. The crash data covered police-reported rear-end accidents involving Volvo, Acura, Honda, Subaru and Mercedes-Benz car models that had optional front crash prevention systems. Researchers compared the crash rates of the same vehicle models with and without the options.
Though front crash prevention is becoming more popular, it is usually not offered as a standard feature on most vehicle models. The IIHS and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have plans to work with automakers to standardize autobrake systems for all cars. IIHS says that if all cars had an effective autobrake system in 2013, there would have been 700,000 fewer rear-end car accidents that year. The chief research officer at IIHS said that there is sure to be fewer rear-end crashes and whiplash injuries as front crash prevention becomes standard.
The types of injuries that are caused by rear-end collisions are sometimes difficult to identify right after an auto accident. For example, symptoms of whiplash injuries can take days or weeks to appear. A person who has been injured in a rear-end collision may want to work with an attorney to evaluate the immediate and long-term damages caused by the accident and pursue compensation from the at-fault motorist.